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Maison méditerranéenne des sciences de l'homme
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Nous accueillons Simon J. Barker

Après une thèse d’archéologie classique soutenue à l’université d’Oxford, sous la direction de Dr. Janet DeLaine "Demolition, Salvage and Re-use in the City of Rome, 100 BC – AD 315", S.J. Barker a été Associate Lecturer en archéologie romaine à l’Université de Londres.

Il a obtenu une bourse post-doctorale Fernand Braudel incoming IFER, pour laquelle il est accueilli au Centre Camille Jullian jusqu’au 30 janvier 2016. Son travail s’intègre dans le programme sculpture.
Sa recherce porte sur : Roman Spolia : Changing practices in the recycling of carved marbles in the Roman Empire, AD 200-500.

Résumé :
The aim of this project is to analyse the practice of recycling and how this practice changed during late antiquity (A.D. 200-500). Throughout the course of this timescale, cities all over the Mediterranean increasingly turned to material produced in earlier times for new buildings and sculptural monuments. This “spolia-habit” was a defining feature of late antiquity, so different in scale and intensity that it had become something specific to the period. Structures in the early empire re-used architectural and sculptural material, however they did not have spolia monuments made substantially or mostly of recycled material. Charting this transition and the rise of the spolia-habit will provide an invaluable insight into the broader transformations that created ‘late antiquity’. Although a large amount of work has been done on the use of spolia in recent years, we still lack a systematic study of this phenomenon that takes into account the costs, technical structures, economics and mentality of the spolia-habit. This research will collect and analyse instances of architectural and sculptural recycling for a selection of well documented case studies from across the empire in order to uncover what caused this change in the third century and to understand the evolution and eventual rise of this important practice. This project will produce results based on empire-wide data that have never been examined in a comparative way. It will examine the key question of early versus late antique recycling, looking not only at the distribution and forms of these monuments but also at the individuals erecting them. Overall this study aims to provide scholars with an overview of this practice, which became a defining element of late antique architecture and building techniques, marking it as a distinct material culture from that of the Classical period.

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